Staple fibres

Features

obrazek sekcji, picture section

Synthetic staple fibers are mainly used for the production of:

- Spun (OE), classic (RING), Vortex (MVS), worsted and semi-worsted yarns

- Non-woven fabrics: bonded, needled and spunlace

- Fillers (pillows, quilts, jackets, toys etc.)

-  Pile fabrics for a so called fleece knitted fabrics (synthetic fur)

Europe does not have a large spinning industry. The production is located in Asia, therefore, the main sector to which we direct our sales efforts is the production of non-wovens, fillings and fleece knitwear.

We distinguish the following types of staple fibers:

 Polyester

 - produced from the original polymer of the highest quality (100% virgin)

- solid, in a count range of 0.8 den - 20 den, both raw white, black and  dope-dyed, available in cutting lengths from 22 mm to 150 mm

- hollow, in a cunt range of 1.2 den - 20 den, both raw white and black, available in cutting lengths from 22 mm to 90 mm

- hollow conjugated, in a count range of  3 den - 20 den, both raw white and black, available in cutting lengths from 22 mm to 90 mm, coated with silicone (HCS) or not (HCN)

- bi-component low melt in a count range of 2.0 den - 20 den, both raw white and black, available in cutting lengths from 38 mm to 90 mm è in this case the fiber’s core is made of standard polyester with a melting point of 250 'C and a fiber sheath of a low melting feedstock such as polyethylene (130'C) or polyamide (180'C). At high temperatures the fiber shell melts and fuses together to form a non-woven fabric.

- fire retardant fibers in a count range of 0.8 denier - 20 denier, both raw white, black and dope-dyed, available in cutting lengths from 22 mm to 150 mm, fire resistance level 6000 ppm or LOI = 32. Fire-resistant properties result from the addition of phosphorus compounds to the polymer.

- SLICK fibers in a count range of  3.0 den - 20 den, both raw white and black, available in cutting lengths from 22 mm to 90 mm. Fire retardant properties are not durable and result from covering the fiber with a silicone-like refractory. In this case fire-resistant protection is only found on the surface of the fiber and not in the polymer. With such a preparation of SLICK, mainly hollow conjugated fibers are produced.

- specialized with functions created by modifying the polymer (adding substances that give new properties to the polymer), e.g. giving a warm or cold impression; with silver, copper and zinc ions that provide antibacterial properties and accelerate blood circulation when in contact with the skin.

 

-Produced from regenerated polymer of average or low quality (100% recycled)

We distinguish the following types of raw material for the production of regenerated fibers depending on the quality of the fibers produced:

- waste of VIRGIN yarns and VIRGIN fibers è high quality of fiber

- VIRGIN polymer waste (granulate) -  high quality of fiber

- cut PET plastic bottles = bottle flakes - average quality of fiber

- melted textile waste (offcuts of fabrics / polyester knitwear) = popcorn - low quality of fiber

We distinguish the following types of regenerated fibers:

Due to the quality of the raw material used in the production:

- the highest quality of the raw material (e.g. yarns waste, fibers, granules with a small addition of bottle flakes) - SEMI-VIRGIN

- average quality of the raw material (e.g. bottle flakes with a small addition of melted textile waste) - SUPER A

-low quality of the raw material (e.g. melted textile waste with a small addition of bottle flakes) - NORMAL A

Due to the production method and fiber properties:

- solid in a count range of 1.2 den - 40 den, both raw white, black and dope-dyed, available in cutting lengths from 22 mm to 150 mm

- hollow, in a count range of  6 den - 20 den, both raw white and black, available in cutting lengths from 22 mm to 90 mm

-- hollow conjugated in a count range of 6 den - 20 den, both raw white and black, available in cutting lengths from 22 mm to 90 mm, coated with silicone (HCS) or not (HCN)

Polyamide (PA6 and PA66)

Polyamide fibers are mainly produced from the highest quality raw material (100% virgin) and in solid version.

They are produced in a count range of  1.2 den - 20 den, both raw white, black and dope-dyed, available in cutting lengths from 22 mm to 150 mm

Polypropylene

Polypropylene fibers are mainly produced from  the highest quality raw material (100% virgin) and in solid version.

They are produced in a count range of  1.2 den - 20 den, both raw white, black and dope-dyed, available in cutting lengths from 22 mm to 150 mm.

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